The crippling economic sanctions targeting Iran over the past 10 years have been invoked against Russia over the course of 10 days.

A building damaged by shelling during the Russian offensive in Mykolaiv, Ukraine. (Reuters)

The global sanctions-tracking database released a list on Tuesday, showing that Russia has become the most sanctioned country in the aftermath of Ukraine’s invasion. The database, Castellum.ai, is a managed search algorithm and workflow and record keeping suite that supports users through an online platform, APIs and bulk data.

It said Russia has seen an increase in sanctions by the United States and its European allies since February 22, days before the invasion of Ukraine began.

According to Castellum.ai, Russia became the target of 2,778 new sanctions designations, bringing them to more than 5,530.

The pressure on Russia is increasing day by day. Several US companies, including Netflix and American Express, have suspended operations in Russia.

Putin described the sanctions as “a declaration of war”.

Here is a list of other countries on Castellum.ai’s Most Accepted List:

Russia: Before February 22, according to Castellum.ai, there were 2,754 sanctions against it in the country. But as President Vladimir Putin’s war rhetoric intensified and the threats became real, 2,778 sanctions were added after that date.

Iran: The West Asian country is second on the Castellum.ai list with 3,616 restrictions. The sanctions have been imposed over the past decade over its controversial nuclear program and alleged support for terrorism.

Syria: These are several economic sanctions imposed by the European Union, the United States, Canada, Australia and Switzerland over the civil war. Most of these restrictions have been imposed after 2011. According to the Castellum.ai list, there are 2,608 sanctions against Syria.

North Korea: The Hermit Asian state has been under UN sanctions since 2006 over its nuclear and ballistic missile programs. Penalties include penalties against individuals and companies. The Castellum.ai list shows there are 2,077 sanctions against North Korea.

Venezuela: According to the Castellum.ai list, there are 651 sanctions against it in the South American country. These sanctions have been imposed by the United States on businesses and oil entities linked to the former Maduro regime, inside and outside the country since 2017.

Myanmar: It has faced sanctions by the United States and other countries over its human rights violations and military coups. In January this year, the one-year anniversary of the coup of Myanmar’s democratically elected government, the US Treasury Office’s Department of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) named seven individuals and two entities linked to the military regime. The Castellum.ai list shows that there are 510 sanctions against Myanmar.

Cuba: It is the last country on the list with 208 sanctions. Cuba has been under US sanctions for more than 60 years, which have affected every aspect of life on the island. Sanctions were imposed by President John F. Kennedy to isolate Cuba until it moves toward democratization and greater respect for human rights.

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