Soil – When the biomass carbon in the soil decreases, the fields become waste

hear the news

hear the news

The biomass carbon in the soil is decreasing, the fields are becoming garbage
– The consequences of indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides
Vikas Pathak
Colony. Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has reduced the amount of organic carbon in the soil by about 0.5 percent. Healthy soils, on the other hand, should contain 0.8 percent organic carbon. Its deficiency in the soil is not considered good for the production of crops by agricultural experts.
The main reason cited for reducing fossil carbon is the burning of crop residues in the field. However, farmers are constantly being made aware of this. Dr. RB Singh, senior scientist at Krishi Vigyan Kendra says that the soil can gradually become depleted due to the lack of organic carbon. It also protects the soil from becoming acidic and alkaline. Due to its lack, the soil does not absorb chemical fertilizers, as a result of which the crops do not grow. that affect the yield. Air circulation and water extraction in the soil are also affected. To address this situation, the use of cow dung, vermicompost and green manure is considered better. The physical and chemical strength of the soil increases due to its presence in the soil. conversation
Sunai, Dhincha, Urad, Moong, Dung increase the amount of carbon
Arvind Singh, Departmental Laboratory of the Soil Test Cell at the Department of Agriculture, says the organic carbon content was 0.6 percent in 2016. It used to be more than 0.8 percent. In the meantime, however, it is only 0.2 to 0.5 percent. Farmers are advised to sow green manure, sunai and dhaincha during the zayed season. In addition, the cultivation area of ​​urad, moong and other legumes and oilseeds needs to be increased. Said that after the yield is obtained, sprinkle the garbage decomposer on the crop residues and plow the field. These residues will rot and increase the carbon content. In this context, 110 awareness programs were carried out in the 2020/21 financial year. The deputy agricultural director Dr. SK Tripathi announced that Dhincha seeds for green manure are subsidized by 50 to 90 percent. Apart from that, this time the culture of the waste decomposer was distributed free of charge to the farmers as part of an in-situ program to convert the crop residues into manure.
Know the health of the soil for 29 rupees
Soil laboratory manager Arvind Singh says the farmer can spend six years on one hectare of field.
Remove about 500 grams of soil from eight cm deep “V” -shaped pits. Remove the pebbles and grass from it and clean it after cleaning. Bring the dried sample to the laboratory. Here you get three items (NPK) for Rs 29 and 12 items for Rs 102.
What is organic carbon
Plants convert organic forms of carbon like sugar, starch, cellulose, etc. into carbohydrates in order to free carbon dioxide from the environment. In this way, carbon is separated from the roots of the plants and other plant debris and mixed into the soil. This is known as organic carbon.

The biomass carbon in the soil is decreasing, the fields are becoming garbage

– The consequences of indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides

Vikas Pathak

Colony. Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has reduced the amount of organic carbon in the soil by about 0.5 percent. Healthy soils, on the other hand, should contain 0.8 percent organic carbon. Its deficiency in the soil is not considered good for the production of crops by agricultural experts.

The main reason cited for reducing fossil carbon is the burning of crop residues in the field. However, farmers are constantly being made aware of this. Dr. RB Singh, senior scientist at Krishi Vigyan Kendra says that the soil can gradually become depleted due to the lack of organic carbon. It also protects the soil from becoming acidic and alkaline. Due to its lack, the soil does not absorb chemical fertilizers, as a result of which the crops do not grow. that affect the yield. Air circulation and water extraction in the soil are also affected. The use of cow dung, vermicompost, and green manure is considered better to address this situation. The physical and chemical strength of the soil increases due to its presence in the soil. conversation

Sunai, Dhincha, Urad, Moong, Dung increase the amount of carbon

Arvind Singh, the department laboratory responsible for the soil test cell at the Ministry of Agriculture, says that in 2016 the percentage of organic carbon was 0.6 percent. It used to be more than 0.8 percent. In the meantime, however, it is only 0.2 to 0.5 percent. Farmers are advised to sow green manure, sunai and dhaincha during the zayed season. In addition, the cultivation area of ​​urad, moong and other legumes and oilseeds needs to be increased. Said that after the yield is obtained, sprinkle the garbage decomposer on the crop residues and plow the field. These residues will rot and increase the carbon content. In this context, 110 awareness programs were carried out in the 2020/21 financial year. The deputy agricultural director Dr. SK Tripathi announced that Dhincha seeds for green manure are subsidized by 50 to 90 percent. Apart from that, this time the culture of the waste decomposer was distributed free of charge to the farmers as part of an in-situ program to convert the crop residues into manure.

Know the health of the soil for 29 rupees

Soil laboratory department head Arvind Singh says the farmer can spend six years on one acre

Take about 500 grams of soil from eight ‘V’ shaped pits about 8 cm deep. Remove the pebbles and grass from it and clean it after cleaning. Bring the dried sample to the laboratory. Here you get three items (NPK) for Rs 29 and 12 items for Rs 102.

What is organic carbon

Plants convert organic forms of carbon like sugar, starch, cellulose, etc. into carbohydrates in order to free carbon dioxide from the environment. In this way, carbon is separated from the roots of the plants and other plant debris and mixed into the soil. This is known as organic carbon.

.

( News Source – Amar Ujala )

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply