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When did the name Uttar Pradesh come into existence, know – 20 things related to UP
Do you know that Uttar Pradesh is the largest state in the world, if you talk about any country, you did not know till now or this thing related to UP?
People know a lot about Uttar Pradesh, but not everything. Do you know that Uttar Pradesh is the largest state in the world, if you talk about any country, you did not know till now or this thing related to UP? Go to the next slides for more such things.
Before 1950, Uttar Pradesh did not exist. Yes, in 1950, this state was named Uttar Pradesh. Prior to that Uttar Pradesh was known as United Provinces.
The various North Indian dynasties, the Nawabs in 1775, 1798 and 1801, the Scindias in 1803, and the Gorkhas in 1816, were first placed under the Bengal Presidency, but in 1833 they were separated to form the North-Western Provinces (initially called the Agra Presidency). Gone. In 1856 AD, the company took control of Oudh and it was merged into the North-Western Provinces in 1877 AD in the name of Agra and Oudh United Provinces (similar to the present-day Uttar Pradesh border). In 1902 AD, its name was changed to United Provinces.
In 1902 the name of North West Province was changed to United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. In common parlance it was called UP. In 1920, the capital of the state was shifted from Allahabad to Lucknow. The High Court of the state remained at Allahabad and a Bench of the High Court was established at Lucknow.
With the coming into force of the new constitution in 1950, on 12 January 1950, this United Province was named Uttar Pradesh and it became a state of the Indian Union. The maximum part of Uttar Pradesh was under the state of Awadh. Awadh means today’s part of Central Uttar Pradesh. In this part, the land from Lucknow to Faizabad used to come.
The population of Uttar Pradesh is more than 20 crores. In this way, only 5 countries of the world have more population than the state of Uttar Pradesh. These 5 countries are China, USA, Indonesia, Brazil and India itself.
The population of Uttar Pradesh is not even in the whole of Australia continent. Before the year 2000, the geographical position of the country of Uttar Pradesh was similar to that of India. Uttar Pradesh did not have only the sea. If we look at the geographical location, then the mountains in the north, the desert in the west, the best loamy soil in the mid-Awadh region, and the plateau area in the south. Clay soil and dense forests in the north. In this way, Uttar Pradesh was also the state with the most biodiversity.
The history of humans on the land of Uttar Pradesh is more than 4000 years old. It is said that the Aryans could not find better soil than the soil of Uttar Pradesh and they settled here. Here he liked the water of the Ganges.
Talking about history, in ancient times India was divided into 16 Mahajanapadas. Of these, 7 Mahajanapadas were on the soil of Uttar Pradesh.
Buddhism and Jainism spread all over the world from the land of Uttar Pradesh. Buddha attained great nirvana in Kushinagar. So Kannauj, the city of the last great emperor Harshavardhana, is also in Uttar Pradesh.
Talking about the Mughals, Babur and Humaun could not rule for long. But Akbar accepted the soil of Uttar Pradesh as his everything. When Akbar built forts in Allahabad, Fatehpur Sikri, the Mughal dynasty remained strong for hundreds of years on its foundation.
The land of Uttar Pradesh has always been gold-spewing. The British were aware of these gold mines, that is why they gave their all for the capture of Uttar Pradesh after Bengal came in hand.
Uttar Pradesh has given maximum number of prime ministers to the country. It is said that the road to power in Delhi passes through Uttar Pradesh itself.
Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Chaudhary Charan Singh, Rajiv Gandhi, VP Singh, Chandrashekhar, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Narendra Modi.. 9 out of 14 prime ministers came from the soil of Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh has the maximum number of Lok Sabha seats (80) and the maximum number of Rajya Sabha seats (31). Those who decide the direction and condition of the country’s politics.
The Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh is the largest in the country in terms of members.
There are 100 members in the Legislative Council of Uttar Pradesh.
Like the Parliament of India, seats in the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council of Uttar Pradesh are reserved for Anglo-Indians. One seat each in the Vidhan Sabha and the Legislative Council is reserved for Anglo-Indians.
Uttar Pradesh is the land of origin of all the dialects. Along with Braj and Awadhi, 40 other dialects are spoken in Uttar Pradesh.
The Kathak dance originating from Uttar Pradesh keeps its identity all over the world.
History of Uttar Pradesh
The history of Uttar Pradesh is closely linked to the wider history of India. It is 4000 years old. Formerly the region of Uttar Pradesh was occupied by Aryans or Dasas and their main occupation was agriculture. After conquering, the Aryans occupied the surrounding areas. The state was the center of the Mahabharata war.
He laid the foundation of its civilization in this region. The epics of Mahabharata, Ramayana, Brahmanas and Puranas were composed in this region during the days of Aryans.
The middle of the first millennium BCE was a time when Uttar Pradesh saw the arrival of Lord Buddha and the spread of Buddhism. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon at the Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh under Magadha rule.
The Chaukhandi Stupa here marks the spot where Lord Buddha met his disciples. Apart from the Kuru, the Panchalas, Vatsa and Videha etc. formed the initial region of the kingdom. These regions were known as Madhya Desh. During the time of Ashoka’s land, many public welfare works were done.
During the rule of the Magadha Empire, Buddhism and Jainism flourished in the region. It was a period of administrative and economic progress.
Later the power was transferred to the Nanda dynasty and then to the Mauryas. However the city reached the pinnacle of its glory during the reign of Harshavardhana. The advent of Muslim rule had a great impact on the historical background of Uttar Pradesh.
That period witnessed the subjugation of the Rajputs, whose power was limited to parts of Rajasthan. Uttar Pradesh reached the zenith of prosperity during the Mughal rule and especially during the rule of Emperor Akbar.
Over time, Uttar Pradesh witnessed the decline of Mughal rule and the arrival of the British. Mughal influence was confined to the Doab region.
The British East India Company came into contact with the Awadh rulers during the reign of the third Nawab of Awadh. There is no doubt that the history of Uttar Pradesh ran concurrently with the country’s history during and after the British rule, but it is also well known that the contribution of the people of the state to the national independence movement was significant.
From the rule of Ram to the rule of the British, Uttar Pradesh has seen everything.